Africa is the second largest and populated continent to Asia in the world. it consist of 54 individual countries and the Western Sahara, a member state of the African Union whose statehood is disputed by Morocco. Also note that South Sudan is the continent’s newest country.
With just over a billion people base on 2010 census, it accounts for just 14% of the world’s human population. It also contains the Nile River system that is the world’s longest, massive and largest river.
Africa is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, both the Suez Canal and the Red Sea along the Sinai Peninsula to the northeast, the Indian Ocean to the east and southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Africa Geography Facts
Algeria is Africa’s largest country
The Seychelles are Africa’s smallest country
Nigeria is Africa’s largest country by population
Seychelles is Africa’s smallest country by population
Africa’s highest point is Mt Kilimanjaro in Tanzania
Africa’s lowest point is Lake Assal in Djibouti
Other Interesting Facts About Africa
Two of Africa’s most interesting geographical features are the Nile River System and Sahara Desert; both impressive in so many different ways.
The Nile River System: The Nile is a north-flowing river considered the longest river in the world at 6,650 km (4,130 mi) long. It is shared by and benefits eleven countries. The White Nile and Blue Nile are its major tributaries. The White Nile is longer and rises in the Great Lakes region of central Africa, flowing north from Tanzania to South Sudan. The Blue Nile is the source of most of the water and both rivers join near Khartoum, Sudan The northern section of the river flows almost entirely through desert, from Sudan into Egypt. The Nile ends in a large delta that empties into the Mediterranean Sea.
Sahara Desert: It’s the world’s hottest desert, the third largest desert after Antarctica and the Arctic, and almost as large as China. Covering almost one-third of the continent, the Sahara is the largest hot desert in the world at approximately 3,500,000 sq. miles (9,065,000 sq. km) in total size. Topography includes areas of rock-strewn plains, rolling sand dunes and numerous sand seas. It ranges in elevation from 100 ft. below sea level, to peaks in the Ahaggar and Tibesti Mountains, that exceed 11,000 ft. (3,350m). Regional desserts include the Libyan, Nubian and the Western desert of Egypt, just to the west of the Nile. Almost completely without rainfall, a few underground rivers flow from the Atlas Mountains, helping to irrigate isolated oases. In the east, the waters of the Nile help fertilize smaller parts of the landscape.
There are 54 countries in Africa
|Central African Republic||Bangui||4216666|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of||Brazzaville||4012809|
|Sao Tome and Principe||Sao Tome||183176|