Antarctica is the most Southern Continent which includes the South Pole. It is widely cover by glacier and has a population of 5000 residents. The diagram on the left, depicts the Southern tips of Africa and Madagascar located on the first quadrant. As you move anti-clockwise from 90°E into the second quadrant, South America is located very close to Antarctica and can be physically seen from the tip of South America. New Zealand and Tasmania are both located on the fourth quadrant. All the ocean body are present and surrounds the continent of Antarctica.
These oceans are navigated throughout the year. Industries such as Oil Refineries, Trading industries, and Entertainment industries are located in these nearby continents and countries.
The Area Size is 13,209,000 sq km, 5,100,021 sq miles
and varies due to changing ice shelves (layers).
The Percent of Earth’s Land is 8.9%
In the early 1700s, Antarctica, was found covered by almost 98% solid ice, in 1840 it was finally considered as one of the continents, not just a group of isolated islands.
Keep in mind it is a continent of its own just like any other continent, and people from diverse background are free to maneuver and settle. The body of water are maneuver by tourism cruise lines.
Capital City: none
Location:90° S, 0.00°E
Climate: Antarctica is the coldest and windiest spot on the planet during its winter months. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica is (-129.3ºF) and the mean winter temperatures range from -40º to -94ºF due to wind gust. Winds are commonly measured at up to 200 miles per hour.
The Antarctic (or Antarctica) Circle is one of the five major circles or parallels of latitude that mark maps of the Earth.
Shown on the image above with a dashed red line, this parallel of latitude sits at approximately 66.33° south of the Equator. It marks the northern limit of the area within which, for one day or more each year, the sun does not set or rise.
The length of continuous day or night increases southward from the Antarctic Circle, mounting to six months at the South Pole.